Maxillofacial Surgery is the surgery done for correcting various kinds of diseases, defects and deformities on the face and the adjacent areas, like head, neck, jaws, and many other soft and hard tissues of the facial region. This surgery is of highly importance character and nature, and is regarded as one among the nine recognized international surgical dentistry specialties. It is a specialization of dental surgery, since it involves working on the parts of mouth, face and the surrounding areas. As such, its surgeons have to first attend a dental school before pursuing the maxillofacial surgery. This type of surgery involves operating the many kinds of nerves running around the face, and therefore, need great amount of care and precision in operation. As such, several years of training is required before a doctor can get expertise in maxillofacial surgery.
A maxillofacial surgery is required when there is severe damage to the facial muscles or bones. These can be caused due to accidents, diseases, or any deformities which are there since birth. This surgery is also very helpful in treating the after effects of cancer. Treatment of cancer leaves many marks and deformities on the face, which is hard to remove. This surgery enables removing those, and bringing back the shape of the face, jaw and mouth. It is highly recommended in those cases where there needs a removal of severely damaged wisdom teeth, or for correcting facial muscles causing facial pains. It is also useful in fixing overbites, and many kinds of jaw deformities. It is a kind of reconstructive surgery, in which the face can be rebuilt by the surgical processes. The use of this surgery is also made in cosmetic surgery. Since it deals with reconstructing the facial tissues, it can be used for correcting cosmetic and other damages caused to the face.
This kind of surgery is also helpful in cancer or tumor in the facial region. With this, the damaged tissue can be removed with rebuilding of the facial tissues. One area where maxillofacial surgery is very helpful is where there are birth defects and deformities. In such cases other types of treatment are of not much help. These can be cured by this surgery, and can save the life and dignity of a person. Since the face is the identity of a person, any damage or deformity in it can have very fatal effects on the personality and mental well being of the person. With surgery, these defects can be cured, and smile be brought on the person’s face. This will bring more confidence in the person, thus changing his life.